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Part of SpeechCategoryWordMeaningNotes
Subjective PronounsmiI (am) … .This word is always the first word of a statement and almost always the first word of a sentence.
diDo/Are you … ?Both di and vi indicate that the sentence is a question. Why?
viDo/Are any of you … ?
Verbs Why only two?keexperienceNegating everything after ke effectively negates ke, thus ke nu may be considered the negative form.
fleaware ofThe word fle indicates transcendence. The non-transcendent form is ke (drau).
The word fle refers to that type of Enlightened experience in which one seems to watch his experience instead of living it.
Negating everything after fle effectively negates fle, thus fle nu may be considered the negative form, but it still remains transcendent.
Non-Final NounsEvidentials of Internal Events regarding Timesmauthe memory ofThe word smau introduces the past tense.
stauthe intention ofEither stau or spau may introduce the future tense.
spauthe anticipation of
Evidentials of other Internal Eventskauthe emotion ofThe word kau is the only word in Essiel that explicitly expresses non-transcendent emotion.
sauthe thought ofThis word usually refers to thoughts expressed in words unless followed by an evidential of an external event.
cauthe sensation ofRemember that an Essiel c is pronounced as an English "sh".
Evidentials of External Eventsdrauthe observation ofThis word is a catch-all. It may be used in questions when the sense is unknown, or in statements as an abbreviation for multiple senses, usually sight and sound.
frauthe sight ofThese words express the "five senses". However, Essiel differentiates between the sense of the texture of something, crau, pronounced "shrau", and the sense of the relative temperature of something, prau, thus there are six senses in Essiel (none of which is related to parapsychological phenomena).
brauthe sound of
crauthe feel by touch of
prauthe temperature of
krauthe smell of
trauthe taste of
General Modifiersnuthe lack ofThe word nu is used to effectively negate other words. The word nu either precedes or follows the negated word depending on rules of grammar and intended meaning.
muthat which is more thanThe word mu is the only comparative word in the language.
The phrase nu mu means "that which is no more than".
futhe sincerity/certainty ofThe phrase nu fu can be used to mean "the insincerity/uncertainty of".
This word is useful in combination with the word sau. The phrase fu sau can mean "the belief of", while nu fu sau can mean mean "the fantasy of".
The word fu can also be used to specify the strength of memory or desire.
Miscellaneouskuthe desire forThis word can also mean "an attachment to".
The phrase ku nu means "a disgust for", while nu ku simply indicates the lack of desire or attachment.
suan identification withThe word su is used to describe the illusions of who and what that one considers himself to be.
cuthe action ofUsing a word like drau or frau before cu indicates that the action is not that of the subject.
Remember that an Essiel c is pronounced as an English "sh".
buthat which I refer to in another language asThe word bu introduces a phrase from another language as the final noun.
Final NounsContentmentklacontentmentThe word kla indicates transcendence. The non-transcendent form is ku ka.
The word kla refers to the (semi)permanent contentment of Enlightenment that is not lost even when one's external reality changes for the worse.
The phrase nu kla means "discontentment" does not indicate transcendence.
States of ConsciousnessfasleepThe phrase nu fa means "wakefulness".
flaawarenessThe word fla indicates transcendence. The non-transcendent form is nu fa. The phrase nu fla does not indicate transcendence.
The word fla refers to the Enlightened state of consciousness in which one seems to watch his own life being lived instead of seeming to live it himself.
Objective Pronounsdathat/this/somethingThe word da is the demonstrative pronoun and is used to refer to anything whatsoever.
kathat/this/something which is perceived to beIn most cases, the word da suffices. The word ka is usually used in combination with ku to express acceptance or dissatisfaction. The phrase ku nu ka means "unacceptance caused by disgust"; the phrase ku mu ka means "unacceptance caused by a desire for more"; and the phrase ku ka means "acceptance".
panothing in particularThis word is used to transform non-final nouns in final ones and transitive verbs into intransitive ones. For example, while ku da means "the desire for something", the phrase ku pa simply means "desire". While mi ke da means "I experience something", the sentence mi ke pa simply means "I experience".
vasomething? If so, what?This word was intended for use with a 2nd person subject in order to ask more complex questions, but it could be used to ask questions of one's self.
ConjunctionsPrefixesmaiandThis word can be used to mean "therefore" if a causal relationship is obvious, but that is not its intended or official definition. Why?
Remember that conjunctions precede both the sentences or sentence fragments that they join.
daiand/orRemember that conjunctions precede both the sentences or sentence fragments that they join.
raieither … or
TerminatortaiThe word tai isn't really a proper conjunction, nor does it have a translation; it used to mark the end of an operand of a conjunction if the operand does not end with a native final noun.

If you can't find a word here, you could be creative, use da, check the incomplete English-Essiel dictionary or, as a last resort, use the word bu.



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Last Updated: 2009-05-02